Taxation

Minimal Effort. Minimum Taxes.

Tax Planning

An often overlooked part of investing is taxation. Yes, in all honesty India does have one of the most complex taxation rules, extremely dynamic changes to the laws & clearly the fattest book for covering those rules (CA is the Guinness book of world records toughest ranked course after all). 

And this is the primary reason why it is overlooked. The fact that the difference between pre and post tax returns can be as high as 40% makes it an integral part of the investment management space.
Lucky for you, our promoters have an experience of more than 35 Years in Tax Advisory and we are very serious about Tax Efficient Investment Strategies. All our strategies will have a pre-requisite discussion on investor tax bracket and his/her comfort with the kind of taxes payble wrt various investment products. 

So, Sit Back and Relax.
Our experts will take over and will plan the most optimal way to reduce your tax obligations, all with minimal effort from your end. Just like it should be.

Tax Filing

Come Tax Season, our associates will take care of the entire tax filing process, including a tax audit if required.

Taxation Angles On Various Investment Vehicles

FMP
MLD Listed
MLD Unlisted
Listed Bonds
Unlisted Bonds
Listed Debentures
Unlisted Debentures
Period of Holding for Long Term

3 Years

Long Term

20% with indexation benefit

Short Term

Taxed as per applicable Income Tax Slab.

Special Remarks

Fixed maturity plans are closed ended mutual fund schemes with a pre-defined maturity that primarily invest in fixed income instruments such as a certificate of deposit or bonds that lock in the yields that are currently available. This is done to eliminate interest rate fluctuation faced by debt markets. The tenure varies from thirty days to five years.

Period of Holding for Long Term

1 year

Long Term

10%

Short Term

Taxed as per applicable Income Tax Slab

Special Remarks

Fixed maturity plans are closed ended mutual fund schemes with a pre-defined maturity that primarily invest in fixed income instruments such as a certificate of deposit or bonds that lock in the yields that are currently available. This is done to eliminate interest rate fluctuation faced by debt markets. The tenure varies from thirty days to five years.

Period of Holding for Long Term

3 years

Long Term

20% with indexation benefit

Short Term

Taxed as per applicable Income Tax Slab

Period of Holding for Long Term

1 year

Long Term

20% with indexation benefit or 10% w/o indexation benefit

Short Term

Taxed as per applicable Income Tax Slab

Special Remarks

The LTCG Benefit of 10% is only available to investor if they sell the Bonds before maturity but after holding period of 12 months. The maturity amount received by the 2nd investor on maturity would be taxed as interest income after deducting the purchase value.

Period of Holding for Long Term

3 years

Long Term

20% with indexation benefit

Short Term

Taxed as per applicable Income Tax Slab

Period of Holding for Long Term

1 year

Long Term

20% with indexation benefit

Short Term

Taxed as per applicable Income Tax Slab

Special Remarks

The LTCG Benefit of 10% is only available to investor if they sell the Debenture before maturity but after holding period of 12 months. The maturity amount received by the 2nd investor on maturity would be taxed as interest income after deducting the purchase value.

Period of Holding for Long Term

3 years

Long Term

20% with indexation benefit

Short Term

Taxed as per applicable Income Tax Slab

Refer to Bare Act

  1. FMP
  2. MLD Listed
  3. MLD Unlisted
  4. Listed Bond, Unlisted Bond, Listed Debentures, Unlisted Debentures:Section - 112, Income-tax Act, 1961-2020
    Tax on long-term capital gains.

112
(1) Where the total income of an assessee includes any income, arising from the transfer of a long-term capital asset, which is chargeable under the head "Capital gains", the tax payable by the assessee on the total income shall be the aggregate of,—

(a)  in the case of an individual or a Hindu undivided family, being a resident,—

 (i)  the amount of income-tax payable on the total income as reduced by the amount of such long-term capital gains, had the total income as so reduced been his total income ; and

(ii)  the amount of income-tax calculated on such long-term capital gains at the rate of twenty per cent:

Provided that where the total income as reduced by such long-term capital gains is below the maximum amount which is not chargeable to income-tax, then, such long-term capital gains shall be reduced by the amount by which the total income as so reduced falls short of the maximum amount which is not chargeable to income-tax and the tax on the balance of such long-term capital gains shall be computed at the rate of twenty per cent ;

(b)  in the case of a domestic company,—

 (i)  the amount of income-tax payable on the total income as reduced by the amount of such long-term capital gains, had the total income as so reduced been its total income ; and

 (ii)  the amount of income-tax calculated on such long-term capital gains at the rate of twenty percent:

(c)  in the case of a non-resident (not being a company) or a foreign company,—

 (i)  the amount of income-tax payable on the total income as reduced by the amount of such long-term capital gains, had the total income as so reduced been its total income ; and

 (ii)  the amount of income-tax calculated on long-term capital gains [except where such gain arises from transfer of capital asset referred to in sub-clause (iii)] at the rate of twenty per cent; and

(iii)  the amount of income-tax on long-term capital gains arising from the transfer of a capital asset, being unlisted securities or shares of a company not being a company in which the public are substantially interested, calculated at the rate of ten per cent on the capital gains in respect of such asset as computed without giving effect to the first and second proviso to section 48;

(d)  in any other case of a resident,—

 (i)  the amount of income-tax payable on the total income as reduced by the amount of long-term capital gains, had the total income as so reduced been its total income ; and

 (ii)  the amount of income-tax calculated on such long-term capital gains at the rate of twenty per cent.

Explanation.—[***]

Provided that where the tax payable in respect of any income arising from the transfer of a long-term capital asset, being listed securities (other than a unit) or zero coupon bond, exceeds ten per cent of the amount of capital gains before giving effect to the provisions of the second proviso to section 48, then, such excess shall be ignored for the purpose of computing the tax payable by the assessee:

Provided further that where the tax payable in respect of any income arising from the transfer of a long-term capital asset, being a unit of a Mutual Fund specified under clause (23D) of section 10, during the period beginning on the 1st day of April, 2014 and ending on the 10th day of July, 2014, exceeds ten per cent of the amount of capital gains, before giving effect to the provisions of the second proviso to section 48, then, such excess shall be ignored for the purpose of computing the tax payable by the assessee.

Explanation.—For the purposes of this sub-section,—

(a)  the expression "securities" shall have the meaning assigned to it in clause (h) of section 2 of the Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act, 1956 (32 of 1956);

(aa) "listed securities" means the securities which are listed on any recognised stock exchange in India;

(ab) "unlisted securities" means securities other than listed securities.

(b)  [***]

(2) Where the gross total income of an assessee includes any income arising from the transfer of a long-term capital asset, the gross total income shall be reduced by the amount of such income and the deduction under Chapter VI-A shall be allowed as if the gross total income as so reduced were the gross total income of the assessee.

(3) Where the total income of an assessee includes any income arising from the transfer of a long-term capital asset, the total income shall be reduced by the amount of such income and the rebate under section 88 shall be allowed from the income-tax on the total income as so reduced.

Section 48:

The income chargeable under the head "Capital gains" shall be computed, by deducting from the full value of the consideration received or accruing as a result of the transfer of the capital asset the following amounts, namely:—

(i)   expenditure incurred wholly and exclusively in connection with such transfer;

(ii)  the cost of acquisition of the asset and the cost of any improvement thereto:

Provided that in the case of an assessee, who is a non-resident, capital gains arising from the transfer of a capital asset being shares in, or debentures of, an Indian company shall be computed by converting the cost of acquisition, expenditure incurred wholly and exclusively in connection with such transfer and the full value of the consideration received or accruing as a result of the transfer of the capital asset into the same foreign currency as was initially utilised in the purchase of the shares or debentures, and the capital gains so computed in such foreign currency shall be reconverted into Indian currency, so, however, that the aforesaid manner of computation of capital gains shall be applicable in respect of capital gains accruing or arising from every reinvestment thereafter in, and sale of, shares in, or debentures of, an Indian company:

Provided further that where long-term capital gain arises from the transfer of a long-term capital asset, other than capital gain arising to a non-resident from the transfer of shares in, or debentures of, an Indian company referred to in the first proviso, the provisions of clause (ii) shall have effect as if for the words "cost of acquisition" and "cost of any improvement", the words "indexed cost of acquisition" and "indexed cost of any improvement" had respectively been substituted:

Provided also that nothing contained in the first and second provisos shall apply to the capital gains arising from the transfer of a long-term capital asset being an equity share in a company or a unit of an equity oriented fund or a unit of a business trust referred to in section 112A:

Provided also that nothing contained in the second proviso shall apply to the long-term capital gain arising from the transfer of a long-term capital asset, being a bond or debenture other than—

(a)  capital indexed bonds issued by the Government; or

(b)  Sovereign Gold Bond issued by the Reserve Bank of India under the Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme, 2015:

Provided also that in case of an assessee being a non-resident, any gains arising on account of appreciation of rupee against a foreign currency at the time of redemption of rupee denominated bond of an Indian company held by him, shall be ignored for the purposes of computation of full value of consideration under this section:

Provided also that where shares, debentures or warrants referred to in the proviso to clause (iii) of section 47 are transferred under a gift or an irrevocable trust, the market value on the date of such transfer shall be deemed to be the full value of consideration received or accruing as a result of transfer for the purposes of this section:

Provided also that no deduction shall be allowed in computing the income chargeable under the head "Capital gains" in respect of any sum paid on account of securities transaction tax under Chapter VII of the Finance (No. 2) Act, 2004.

Explanation—For the purposes of this section—

(i)   "foreign currency" and "Indian currency" shall have the meanings respectively assigned to them in section 2 of the Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 (42 of 1999);

(ii)  the conversion of Indian currency into foreign currency and the reconversion of foreign currency into Indian currency shall be at the rate of exchange prescribed in this behalf;

(iii) "indexed cost of acquisition" means an amount which bears to the cost of acquisition the same proportion as Cost Inflation Index for the year in which the asset is transferred bears to the Cost Inflation Index for the first year in which the asset was held by the assessee or for the year beginning on the 1st day of April, 2001, whichever is later;

(iv) "indexed cost of any improvement" means an amount which bears to the cost of improvement the same proportion as Cost Inflation Index for the year in which the asset is transferred bears to the Cost Inflation Index for the year in which the improvement to the asset took place;

(v)  "Cost Inflation Index", in relation to a previous year, means such Index as the Central Government may, having regard to seventy-five per cent of average rise in the Consumer Price Index (urban) for the immediately preceding previous year to such previous year, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify, in this behalf.

Listed Equity With STT
Listed Equity W/O STT
Unlisted Equity
Dividend
Preference Shares
Equity Mutual Funds (>65%)
Debt Mutual Funds
Liquid Mutual Funds
Period of Holding for Long Term

1 year

Long Term

10% above 1 Lakh

Short Term

15%

Period of Holding for Long Term

1 year

Long Term

20% with indexation benefit or 10% w/o indexation benefit

Short Term

Taxed as per applicable Income Tax Slab

Period of Holding for Long Term

2 Years

Long Term

20% with indexation benefit or 10% w/o indexation benefit

Short Term

Taxed as per applicable Income Tax Slab

Period of Holding for Long Term

NA

Long Term

Taxed as per applicable Income Tax Slab

Short Term

Taxed as per applicable Income Tax Slab

Period of Holding for Long Term

1 year

Long Term

10% above 1 Lakh

Short Term

15%

Period of Holding for Long Term

1 year

Long Term

10% above 1 Lakh

Short Term

15%

Period of Holding for Long Term

3 years

Long Term

20% with indexation benefit or 10% w/o indexation benefit

Short Term

Taxed as per applicable Income Tax Slab

Period of Holding for Long Term

3 years

Long Term

20% with indexation benefit or 10% w/o indexation benefit

Short Term

Taxed as per applicable Income Tax Slab

Refer to Bare Act

5.Listed Equity With STT, Listed Equity Without STT, Unlisted Equity, Preference Shares, Debt Mutual Funds:
Section - 10, Income-tax Act, 1961-2020
Incomes not included in total income.

  1. In computing the total income of a previous year of any person, any income falling within any of the following clauses shall not be included—

(38) any income arising from the transfer of a long-term capital asset, being an equity share in a company or a unit of an equity oriented fund or a unit of a business trust where—

(a) the transaction of sale of such equity share or unit is entered into on or after the date on which Chapter VII of the Finance (No. 2) Act, 2004 comes into force; and

(b) such transaction is chargeable to securities transaction tax under that Chapter:

Provided that the income by way of long-term capital gain of a company shall be taken into account in computing the book profit and income-tax payable under section 115JB:

Provided also that nothing contained in sub-clause (b) shall apply to a transaction undertaken on a recognised stock exchange located in any International Financial Services Centre and where the consideration for such transaction is paid or payable in foreign currency:

Provided also that nothing contained in this clause shall apply to any income arising from the transfer of a long-term capital asset, being an equity share in a company, if the transaction of acquisition, other than the acquisition notified by the Central Government in this behalf, of such equity share is entered into on or after the 1st day of October, 2004 and such transaction is not chargeable to securities transaction tax under Chapter VII of the Finance (No. 2) Act, 2004 (23 of 2004):

Provided also that nothing contained in this clause shall apply to any income arising from the transfer of long-term capital asset, being an equity share in a company or a unit of an equity oriented fund or a unit of a business trust, made on or after the 1st day of April, 2018.

Explanation.—For the purposes of this clause,—

(a) "equity oriented fund" means a fund—

(i) where the investible funds are invested by way of equity shares in domestic companies to the extent of more than sixty-five per cent of the total proceeds of such fund; and

(ii) which has been set up under a scheme of a Mutual Fund specified under clause (23D):

Provided that the percentage of equity share holding of the fund shall be computed with reference to the annual average of the monthly averages of the opening and closing figures;

(b) "International Financial Services Centre" shall have the same meaning as assigned to it in clause (q) of section 2 of the Special Economic Zones Act, 2005 (28 of 2005);

(c) "recognised stock exchange" shall have the meaning assigned to it in clause (ii) of the Explanation 1 to sub-section (5) of section 43;

 

6. Dividend:

As per recent Finance Act Dividend is fully taxable.

7.Equity Mutual Funds (>50%):
Section - 10, Income-tax Act, 1961-2020
Incomes not included in total income.

  1. In computing the total income of a previous year of any person, any income falling within any of the following clauses shall not be included—

(35) any income by way of,—

(a) income received in respect of the units of a Mutual Fund specified under clause (23D); or

(b) income received in respect of units from the Administrator of the specified undertaking; or

(c) income received in respect of units from the specified company:

Provided that this clause shall not apply to any income arising from transfer of units of the Administrator of the specified undertaking or of the specified company or of a mutual fund, as the case may be.

Following second proviso shall be inserted after the first proviso to clause (35) of section 10 by the Finance Act, 2020, w.e.f. 1-4-2021:

Provided further that nothing contained in this clause shall apply to any income in respect of units received on or after the 1st day of April, 2020.

Explanation.—For the purposes of this clause,—

(a) "Administrator" means the Administrator as referred to in clause (a) of section 2 of the Unit Trust of India (Transfer of Undertaking and Repeal) Act, 2002 (58 of 2002);

(b) "specified company" means a company as referred to in clause (h) of section 2 of the Unit Trust of India (Transfer of Undertaking and Repeal) Act, 2002 (58 of 2002);

8.Liquid Mutual Funds

Income Tax Saving Instruments
Public Provident Fund
Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana
ELSS Mutual Funds
Senior Citizens Saving Scheme
Life Insurance
54 EC Bonds
Lock-In Period

Minimum Tenure of 15 Years which can be extended in blocks of 5 Years

Deduction on Investment

Under OLD Tax Regime: Investments made in the PPF are eligible for deductions under Section 80C of the IT Act,1961, subject to a maximum cap of Rs 1.5 lakhs per year

Under NEW Tax Regime: Investments made in the PPF are not eligible for any deductions under Section 80C of the IT Act,1961

Interest Taxable or Tax-Free

Under OLD & NEW Tax Regimes: Interest earned is completely Tax Free

Pre-Mature Withdrawal Considerations

If account holders are in need of funds, and wish to withdraw before 15 years, the scheme permits partial withdrawals from year 7 i.e. on completing 6 years.

An account holder can withdraw prematurely, up to a maximum of 50% of the amount that is in the account at the end of the 4th year (preceding the year in which the amount is withdrawn or at the end of the preceding year, whichever is lower). Further, withdrawals can be made only once in a financial year.

Maturity Proceeds Taxable or Tax-Free

Under OLD & NEW Tax Regimes: Maturity Amount is completely Tax Free

Special Considerations

PPF Account Compounds Annually I.e. Interest Earned every month during the financial year will be credited to the account at the end of the Financial Year. Annual Interest Rate is not fixed and it is determined by the Central Government from time to time.

Lock-In Period

The account can be opened any time between the birth of the girl child till the time she attains the age of 10 years. Tenure of the SSY account is 21 years from the account opening date.

Deduction on Investment

Under OLD Tax Regime: Investments made in the PPF are eligible for deductions under Section 80C of the IT Act,1961, subject to a maximum cap of Rs 1.5 lakhs per year

Under NEW Tax Regime: Investments made in the PPF are not eligible for any deductions under Section 80C of the IT Act,1961

Interest Taxable or Tax-Free

Under OLD & NEW Tax Regimes: Interest earned is completely Tax Free

Pre-Mature Withdrawal Considerations

Reasons of intended marriage after a girl child attains the age of 18 years, an application can be submitted between one month prior to marriage and 3 months after marriage along with her age proof documents

Death of the girl child on the production of the death certificate the balance in the SSA will be paid to the guardian

Deemed closure in case of a change in the status of girl child i.e., girl child either becomes a non-resident or a non-citizen of India. Such a status change shall be communicated by the girl child or her guardian within one month of the status change

After completion of 5 years from the opening of an SSA, if the post office or Bank is satisfied that the operation or the continuation of the SSA is causing undue hardship to the girl child (such as the death of the guardian, medical reasons of the girl child), the girl child or guardian may order for premature closure

For any other reasons, if the SSA is to be closed any time after the opening of this account, it will be permitted, but the entire deposit would only earn an interest rate applicable to post office savings bank

Maturity Proceeds Taxable or Tax-Free

Under OLD & NEW Tax Regimes: Maturity Amount is completely Tax Free

Special Considerations

SSY Account Compounds Annually I.e. Interest Earned every month during the financial year will be credited to the account at the end of the Financial Year. Annual Interest Rate is not fixed and it is determined by the Central Government from time to time. Only one account per girl child

Accounts can be opened for a Maximum of two girl children in one family, (including adopted children)

Accounts for more than two girl children are allowed in case of more than two girls being born in the first order of birth, or in a scenario of one girl child in the first order of birth, and twins or more than twins in the second order of birth

Lock-In Period

3 Years

Deduction on Investment

20% with indexation benefit or 10% w/o indexation benefit

Interest Taxable or Tax-Free

Taxed as per applicable Income Tax Slab

 
 
 

Refer to Bare Act

1. Public Provident Fund:

(i) as a contribution by an individual to any provident fund to which the Provident Funds Act, 1925 (19 of 1925) applies;

(ii) as a contribution to any provident fund set up by the Central Government and notified by it in this behalf in the Official Gazette, where such contribution is to an account standing in the name of any person specified in sub-section (4);

(iii) as a contribution by an employee to a recognised provident fund

Section

Particulars

Benefits

Available to

10(11)

Payment from Public Provident Fund or Statutory Provident Fund

Entire Amount

Individual and HUF

80C

Contribution to Public Provident Fund Account in the name of:

a) in case of individual, such individual or his spouse or any child of such individual

b) in case of HUF, in the name of any member there of

Up to 1,50,000 (Subject to overall limit of Rs. 1,50,000 under Section 80C, 80CCC and 80CCD(1))

Individual and HUF

2. Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana:

10(11A) Any payment from an account, opened in accordance with the Sukanya Samriddhi Account Rules, 2014 made under the Government Savings Bank Act, 1873 (5 of 1873);

Section

Particulars

Benefits

Available to

10(11A)

Any payment from an account, opened in accordance with the Sukanya Samriddhi Account Rules, 2014

Entire amount (including interest accrued on the deposit made in such account) shall be exempt from tax

Individual (who deposited the amount in accordance with Sukanya Samriddhi Account Rules, 2014)

80C

For this purpose, Sukanya Samriddhi Account Scheme has been notified vide Notification No. 9/2015, dated 21/1/2015. Any sum deposited during the year in Sukanya Samriddhi Account by an individual would be eligible for deduction. Amount can be deposited by an individual in the name of her girl child or any girl child for whom such an individual is the legal guardian.

Up to 1,50,000 (Subject to overall limit of Rs. 1,50,000 under Section 80C, 80CCC and 80CCD(1))

Individual and HUF

 

3. Senior Citizen Saving Scheme:

80C (1) In computing the total income of an assessee, being an individual or a Hindu undivided family, there shall be deducted, in accordance with and subject to the provisions of this section, the whole of the amount paid or deposited in the previous year, being the aggregate of the sums referred to in sub-section (2), as does not exceed one hundred and fifty thousand rupees.

(2) The sums referred to in sub-section (1) shall be any sums paid or deposited in the previous year by the assesse in an account under the Senior Citizens Savings Scheme Rules, 2004.

Section

Particulars

Benefits

Available to

80C

Deposit in an account under the Senior Citizen Savings Scheme Rules, 2004 (subject to certain conditions)

Up to 1,50,000 (Subject to overall limit of Rs. 1,50,000 under Section 80C, 80CCC and 80CCD(1))

Individual and HUF

 

4. Life Insurance:

80C (1) In computing the total income of an assessee, being an individual or a Hindu undivided family, there shall be deducted, in accordance with and subject to the provisions of this section, the whole of the amount paid or deposited in the previous year, being the aggregate of the sums referred to in sub-section (2), as does not exceed one hundred and fifty thousand rupees.

(2) The sums referred to in sub-section (1) shall be any sums paid or deposited in the previous year by the assesse to effect or to keep in force a contract for such annuity plan of the Life Insurance Corporation or any other insurer as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify.

Provided that where the policy, issued on or after the 1st day of April, 2013, is for insurance on life of any person, who is—

(a)  a person with disability or a person with severe disability as referred to in section 80U, or

(b)  suffering from disease or ailment as specified in the rules made under section 80DDB,

the provisions of this sub-section shall have effect as if for the words "ten per cent", the words "fifteen per cent" had been substituted.

Explanation.—For the purposes of this sub-section, "actual capital sum assured" in relation to a life insurance policy shall mean the minimum amount assured under the policy on happening of the insured event at any time during the term of the policy, not taking into account—

(i) the value of any premium agreed to be returned; or

(ii) any benefit by way of bonus or otherwise over and above the sum actually assured, which is to be or may be received under the policy by any person.

Section

Particulars

Benefits

Available to

10(10D)

Any sum received under a Life Insurance Policy including bonus (excluding Keyman Insurance Policy) (Subject to certain conditions)

Entire Amount

Any Assessee

 

80C

Life insurance premium for policy:

a) in case of individual, on life of assessee, assessee’s spouse and any child of assessee

b) in case of HUF, on life of any member of the HUF

Up to 1,50,000 (Subject to overall limit of Rs. 1,50,000 under Section 80C, 80CCC and 80CCD(1))

Individual and HUF

 

5.ELSS Mutual Funds
6.54 EC Bonds:

Capital gain not to be charged on investment in certain bonds.

54EC (1) Where the capital gain arises from the transfer of a long-term capital asset, being land or building or both, (the capital asset so transferred being hereafter in this section referred to as the original asset) and the assessee has, at any time within a period of six months after the date of such transfer, invested the whole or any part of capital gains in the long-term specified asset, the capital gain shall be dealt with in accordance with the following provisions of this section, that is to say,—

(a) if the cost of the long-term specified asset is not less than the capital gain arising from the transfer of the original asset, the whole of such capital gain shall not be charged under section 45;

(b) if the cost of the long-term specified asset is less than the capital gain arising from the transfer of the original asset, so much of the capital gain as bears to the whole of the capital gain the same proportion as the cost of acquisition of the long-term specified asset bears to the whole of the capital gain, shall not be charged under section 45 :

Provided that the investment made on or after the 1st day of April, 2007 in the long-term specified asset by an assessee during any financial year does not exceed fifty lakh rupees :

Provided further that the investment made by an assessee in the long-term specified asset, from capital gains arising from transfer of one or more original assets, during the financial year in which the original asset or assets are transferred and in the subsequent financial year does not exceed fifty lakh rupees.

(2) Where the long-term specified asset is transferred or converted (otherwise than by transfer) into money at any time within a period of three years from the date of its acquisition, the amount of capital gains arising from the transfer of the original asset not charged under section 45 on the basis of the cost of such long-term specified asset as provided in clause (a) or, as the case may be, clause (b) of sub-section (1) shall be deemed to be the income chargeable under the head "Capital gains" relating to long-term capital asset of the previous year in which the long-term specified asset is transferred or converted (otherwise than by transfer) into money:

Provided that in case of long-term specified asset referred to in sub-clause (ii) of clause (ba) of the Explanation occurring after sub-section (3), this sub-section shall have effect as if for the words "three years", the words "five years" had been substituted.

Explanation.—In a case where the original asset is transferred and the assessee invests the whole or any part of the capital gain received or accrued as a result of transfer of the original asset in any long-term specified asset and such assessee takes any loan or advance on the security of such specified asset, he shall be deemed to have converted (otherwise than by transfer) such specified asset into money on the date on which such loan or advance is taken.

(3) Where the cost of the long-term specified asset has been taken into account for the purposes of clause (a) or clause (b) of sub-section (1),—

(a)  a deduction from the amount of income-tax with reference to such cost shall not be allowed under section 88 for any assessment year ending before the 1st day of April, 2006;

(b) a deduction from the income with reference to such cost shall not be allowed under section 80C for any assessment year beginning on or after the 1st day of April, 2006.

Explanation—For the purposes of this section,—

(a)  "cost", in relation to any long-term specified asset, means the amount invested in such specified asset out of capital gains received or accruing as a result of the transfer of the original asset;

(b)  "long-term specified asset" for making any investment under this section during the period commencing from the 1st day of April, 2006 and ending with the 31st day of March, 2007, means any bond, redeemable after three years and issued on or after the 1st day of April, 2006, but on or before the 31st day of March, 2007,—

(i)   by the National Highways Authority of India constituted under section 3 of the National Highways Authority of India Act, 1988 (68 of 1988); or

(ii)  by the Rural Electrification Corporation Limited, a company formed and registered under the Companies Act, 1956 (1 of 1956),

and notified by the Central Government in the Official Gazette for the purposes of this section with such conditions (including the condition for providing a limit on the amount of investment by an assessee in such bond) as it thinks fit:

Provided that where any bond has been notified before the 1st day of April, 2007, subject to the conditions specified in the notification, by the Central Government in the Official Gazette under the provisions of clause (b) as they stood immediately before their amendment by the Finance Act, 2007, such bond shall be deemed to be a bond notified under this clause;

(ba) "long-term specified asset" for making any investment under this section,—

(i)  on or after the 1st day of April, 2007 but before the 1st day of April, 2018, means any bond, redeemable after three years and issued on or after the 1st day of April, 2007 but before the 1st day of April, 2018;

(ii)  on or after the 1st day of April, 2018, means any bond, redeemable after five years and issued on or after the 1st day of April, 2018,

by the National Highways Authority of India constituted under section 3 of the National Highways Authority of India Act, 1988 (68 of 1988) or by the Rural Electrification Corporation Limited, a company formed and registered under the Companies Act, 1956 (1 of 1956) or any other bond notified in the Official Gazette by the Central Government in this behalf.

In this world, nothing can be said to be certain except Death and Taxes.

- Benjamin Franklin
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